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Archive for February, 2016

‘Pass them on without asking how’

Transmits the text without delving into how the verse or hadith is understood.

This is based on the hadith.

نَضَّرَ اللَّهُ امْرَأً سَمِعَ مِنَّا شَيْئًا فَبَلَّغَهُ كَمَا سَمِعَ فَرُبَّ مُبَلَّغٍ أَوْعَى مِنْ سَامِعٍ

The Messenger of Allah said, “May Allah make radiant someone who hears something from us, and then conveys it as he heard it (Quran and Hadith), for it might be that someone who it is conveyed to understands better than the one who heard (it first). (Sahih-Tirmidhi 2657)

In this hadith is the proof for tafwid and tawil, as understood by the Asharis and Maturidis.

This hadith proves that not every Quranic verse and hadith was intended to be understood by every single companions.

Let’s take one of these hadiths.

Abu Hurairah reports that the Messenger of Allah said: “Our Lord Descends to the lowest heaven during the last third of the night, inquiring: `Who will call on Me so that I may respond to him? Who is asking something of Me so I may give it to him? Who is asking for My forgiveness so I may forgive him?”[ Bukhari and Muslim.]

The point of the hadith isn’t how Allah descends (literally or metaphorically), the point of hadith is to get Muslims to pray tahajjah.

Two facts about the Makkan phase:

1) The Prophet taught tawhid for 13 years during the Makkan phase. (And I don’t believe he was explaining the meaning of the Hand, Face, and Eyes of Allah during that time as you don’t find any of the companions explaining these narrations)

2) Tahajjah was obligatory during the Makkan phase.

I’m taught that the Tawhid that the Prophet was teaching was Experiential Tawhid (Tawhid Dhawqi) during the Makkan phase as expressed in the Hadith the Awilya.

The Prophet said:

Allah Most High says: “He who is hostile to a friend of Mine I declare war against. My slave approaches Me with nothing more beloved to Me than what I have made obligatory upon him, and My slave keeps drawing nearer to Me with voluntary works until I love him. And when I love him, I am his hearing with which he hears, his sight with which he sees, his hand with which he seizes, and his foot with which he walks. If he asks me, I will surely give to him, and if he seeks refuge in Me, I will surely protect him” (Fath al-Bari, 11.340–41, hadith 6502);

Imam Malik said, “Knowledge does not consist in narrating much. Knowledge is but a light which Allah places in the heart.”

For the Prophet said, ” “He for whom Allâh desires great good, He grants him (superlative) understanding in the Religion (yufaqqihhu/yufqihhu fî al-dîn). I only distribute (ie The Quran and Sunnah) and it is Allâh Who gives (ie understanding). That group shall remain in charge of the Order of Allâh, unharmed by those who oppose them, until the coming of the Order of Allâh.” (Bukhari)

I am not saying none of the companions understood it, but this understanding was not convey in the normative way, but rather, the Prophet and his companions transmitted the knowledge of how to receive these understandings from Allah.

This is why tafwid is emphasized, it is Allah who gives understanding.

“He grants wisdom to whom He pleases, and whoever is granted wisdom has indeed been granted abundant good; and none would take heed except those endowed with understanding.” (2:269)

And Allah knows best.

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